What do Hopkins et al. find about the determinants of anti-immigrant sentiment? 23. What did E.G. Ravenstein conclude in his 1889 study of the “laws of migration”? 24. What is the human capital approach to international migration? Evaluate the argument that people migrate to where the discounted net returns to migration are greatest. 25. Define and explain dual labor market theory. According to dual labor market theory, what factors drive our “permanent demand” for migrant labor? 26. Describe contemporary trends in international migration. 27.

POLI 150A SMC Rawlsian Thought Experiment War of Words & Memberships Study Guide

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Humanities

POLI 150A

Santa Monica College

POLI

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POLI 150A S21 Final Exam Study Guide 1. Using a Rawlsian thought experiment, what would rational, self-interested actors choose when it comes to immigration control policies? Why? 2. Explain the “consensual” approach to membership. How does the “consensual” approach to membership justify closure? How can it be used to justify openness? 3. Discuss the “war of words” when describing far-right political parties. What are some of the common characteristics that far-right political parties share? 4. What, according to Arzheimer, is the “distinct social and attitudinal profile” of individuals who support far-right political parties? 5. What do Sides and Citrin find about the relationship between innumeracy, threat, and anti-immigrant sentiment? 6. What do Sniderman et al. find about “fitting in” and anti-immigrant sentiment? 7. Discuss contact theory in the context of research on the determinants of anti-immigrant sentiment. 8. Is demography political destiny when it comes to immigration policymaking in the U.S.? 9. How does partisanship affect support and opposition to immigration reform legislation among members of Congress? Do effects differ depending on immigration policy type? Do effects differ depending on valence? 10. How do demographics affect support and opposition to immigration reform legislation among members of Congress? Do effects differ depending on immigration policy type? Do effects differ depending on valence? 11. What does the interaction between partisanship and demographics tells us when it comes to the future of immigration policymaking in the U.S.? 12. Based on Census bureau data, who counts as an immigrant? Describe trends in the size and the characteristics of the immigrant population in the U.S. 13. What percentage of the Hispanic/Latinx population is an immigrant? What percentage of the young Hispanic/Latinx population (under 18) is an immigrant? 14. What percentage of the Asian population is an immigrant? What percentage of the young Asian population (under 18) is an immigrant? 15. Describe trends in the incorporation of DACA recipients. What does it mean to say that DACA is an exercise in prosecutorial discretion? 16. What was the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act? Explain the significance of the Chinese Exclusion Act as it relates to the development of U.S. immigration policy. 17. What were the “White Australia” policies? Explain how the dictation test introduced by the Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 served to exclude certain “undesirable” immigrants from entering Australia. 18. Explain the significance of the Naturalization Act of 1790. 19. Explain the significance of the Naturalization Act of 1870. 20. Why do Hainmueller and Hopkins describe the labor market competition hypothesis a “zombie of a theory”? 21. What do Brader et al. find about the determinants of anti-immigrant sentiment? 22. What do Hopkins et al. find about the determinants of anti-immigrant sentiment? 23. What did E.G. Ravenstein conclude in his 1889 study of the “laws of migration”? 24. What is the human capital approach to international migration? Evaluate the argument that people migrate to where the discounted net returns to migration are greatest. 25. Define and explain dual labor market theory. According to dual labor market theory, what factors drive our “permanent demand” for migrant labor? 26. Describe contemporary trends in international migration. 27. Describe contemporary trends in forced migration. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. Explain the significance of the Immigration Act, 1917. Explain the significance of the Immigration Act, 1921. Explain the significance of the Immigration Act, 1924. Describe the demographic impact of the national origins quota system. What was the Immigration Restriction League? Who, according to the Immigration Restriction League, were the “undesirable” immigrants? What was the Dillingham Commission? What did the Dillingham Commission conclude about “new immigrants”? Explain the significance of the Immigration and Naturalization Act, 1965. Explain the significance of the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA), 1986. Explain the significance of the Immigration Act, 1990. Explain the significance of the Geneva Convention on the Status of Refugees, 1951. What is the definition of a refugee? Explain how refugee resettlement works internationally. Discuss the role of the UNHCR. Explain how refugee resettlement works in the U.S. Discuss the significance of the Refugee Act, 1980. What is the definition of an asylum seeker? Explain how asylum works in the U.S. Discuss the significance of 8 USC 1158. What are the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP), also known as the “Remain in Mexico” policy? Explain the significance of the Immigration and Naturalization Act, 1952. Discuss the powers that Border Patrol agents have. Do Border Patrol agents need reasonable suspicion before stopping and searching a vehicle? Explain. Can a Border Patrol agent stop and search a vehicle simply because the driver of the vehicle or its occupants may be of Mexican ancestry? Explain. What is the 100-mile border zone? Discuss the significance of the 100-mile border zone. Who were the primary targets of U.S. Border Patrol during the early part of the 20th century? During this period, where were the majority of border patrol agents stationed and why? Explain the logic of the strategy of prevention-through-deterrence. Discuss the effectiveness of the strategy of prevention-through-deterrence. What was Operation Gatekeeper? Discuss the effectiveness of Operation Gatekeeper using apprehensions data along the southwest border from 1994 to 2000. Explain the logic of non-contiguous fencing along the U.S.-Mexico border. How is “operational control” defined in the Secure Borders Initiative (SBI)? How does Customs and Border Protection (CBP) define “operational control”? What was SBInet? Describe the bivariate relationship between spending on border security and the size of the undocumented population in the U.S. Explain the significance of H.R. 4437, 2005. Is being undocumented a crime? Discuss. Explain the logic of enforcement priorities with respect to interior immigration enforcement in the U.S. What is the detention bed mandate/quota? How much money would it cost to detain all undocumented immigrants in the U.S.? What is a sanctuary policy? Empirically evaluate the statement, “I’m very much opposed to sanctuary cities. They breed crime. There’s a lot of problems.” …
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