Select one concept from humanistic theory that interests you (either from Rogers’ or Maslow’s theory). Define and summarize that concept using appropriate theoretical language provided in the lectures/PDF texts.

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  • Select one concept from humanistic theory that interests you (either from Rogers’ or Maslow’s theory). Define and summarize that concept using appropriate theoretical language provided in the lectures/PDF texts.
  • Provide one hypothetical real-world example of how the humanistic concept you have selected could be useful for a person’s psychological wellbeing and healing. Ground your example in everyday life, by describing a scenario in which that theory/concept could apply to a hypothetical person’s real-world situation.

Here is link to video:



Module 5: Humanistic psychology • Human growth and potential • Self-actualization as ultimate goal of our lives Carl Rogers: person-centered approach • Optimistic view of human beings as inherently good • Focus on human well-being and potential vs. pathology • Every client has a ”self-actualizing tendency” • Client as expert of their own lives, therapist listens and helps empower clients’ journeys Self-actualization: Help a person’s self-image become more congruent with their ideal self. Suffering caused by lack of growth-promoting climate • Humans are shaped by environment but can transcend environment • Necessary social environment in psychotherapy: 1. Genuineness 2. Unconditional positive regard 3. Accurate empathy Accurate Empathy: A definition • “Accurate empathic understanding means that the therapist is completely at home in the universe of the patient. It is a moment-to-moment sensitivity that is in the “here and now,” the immediate present. it is a sensing of the client’s inner world of private personal meanings “as if” it were the therapist’s own, but without ever losing the “as if” quality. Accurate sensitivity to the client’s “being” is of primary value in the moment-to-moment encounter of therapy…. its value would lie in formulating his empathic response to the patient’s immediate living.” • Empathic understanding requires active listening Abraham Maslow: Hierarchy of Needs Self Actualized People • Wisdom, accuracy and depth in their perception of reality • Comfortable with themselves & others • Open, direct, spontaneous, independent, playful, creative • Focus on problems outside themselves (society/world) • Need aloneness and privacy • Establish deep intimate relationships • non-conformists but highly ethical • In touch with spirituality (peak experiences) What is a peak experience? • A special moment when everything seems to fall into place • People transcend the self and are at one with the world • Similar to a religious, or mystical experience • Exuberance, joy, bliss, peace Spirituality and the sacred • Spirit: “animating or vital principle, breath of life” • Elkins: “Spirituality is available to every human being ….is a human phenomenon… an inborn, natural potential of the human being….is found at the inner phenomenological level….has to do with our capacity to respond to the numinous…there is a certain mysterious energy associated with spirituality…the aim of spirituality is compassion • The sacred is “characterised by various elements including a feeling of being overwhelmed, a sense of the mystical awe, a feeling of fascination, and an experience of intense energy” The Jonah Complex • the fear of success which prevents self-actualization, or the realization of one’s potential. • The fear of one’s own greatness • The evasion of one’s destiny, • The avoidance of exercising one’s talents. Self-actualization requires courage “Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate. Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure. It is our light, not our darkness, that frightens us most. We ask ourselves, ‘Who am I to be brilliant, gorgeous, talented, and famous?’ Actually, who are you not to be? You are a child of God. Your playing small does not serve the world. There is nothing enlightened about shrinking so that people won’t feel insecure around you. We were born to make manifest the glory of God that is within us. It’s not just in some of us; it’s in all of us. And when we let our own light shine, we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same. As we are liberated from our own fear, our presence automatically liberates others.” – Marianne Williamson Module 5: Humanistic Theory • Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow • Focuses on human growth and development • Empathy, positive regard, acceptance, hierarchy of needs • Suffering comes from external and internal blocks to self-actualization • Healing comes from creating optimal conditions for the development of the “selfactualized” person …
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