Format your assignment using headings as part of organizing and structuring information.

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Write a 1,250-Microsoft Word paper in which you describe the key elements of the following guaranteed rights and their impact on criminal procedure by the courts and police officers:

  1. The Fourth Amendment
  2. The Fifth Amendment
  3. The Sixth Amendments
  4. Include an explanation of how the Bill of Rights applies to the states via the Fourteenth Amendment.
  • Format your assignment using headings as part of organizing and structuring information.
  • Review the Posted Paper Outline with Headings below that you are free to use.
  • Format your paper consistent with APA 7thEdition guidelines using in-text citations and at least 4 peer reviewed sources, one must be the course text.
  • Review the posted Rubric below for additional assignment requirements and expectations.
  • Assignment File Name: Name the file you upload Wk1FirstLast (Name)
  • Example:Wk1AmandaNunes (No spaces or dashes)
  • Submit your Assignment.

 

UNFORMATTED ATTACHMENT PREVIEW

CJA 315 Week 1 Individual Paper – Criminal Procedure Policy = 60 Points CONTENT AND DEVELOPMENT 70% = 42 Pts Points Possible 42 Pts Assignment Requirements and Expectations (Name of Paper) Criminal Procedure Policy Write a 1,050- to 1,250-Microsoft Word paper in which you describe the key elements of the following guaranteed rights and their impact on criminal procedure by the courts and police officers: 1. The Fourth Amendment 2. The Fifth Amendment 3. The Sixth Amendments 4. Include an explanation of how the Bill of Rights applies to the states via the Fourteenth Amendment. 6 Pts • Format your assignment using headings as part of organizing and structuring information. • Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines using in-text citations and at least 4 peer reviewed sources, one must be the course texts. • Originality Report is Medium Risk or Lower • Review the posted Rubric for additional assignment requirements and expectations. • File name follows assignment directives and was correctly formatted prior to submission. 6 Pts The introduction provides sufficient background on the topic and previews major points. Does not make a flat announcement. 6 Pts The content is comprehensive, accurate, and /or persuasive. Data is not missing; paper met the required word count. Originality Report is Medium Risk or Lower 6 Pts Major points are stated clearly; are supported by specific details, examples, or analysis; and are organized logically. 6 Pts The paper links theory to relevant examples of current experience and industry practice. Uses the vocabulary of the theory correctly. 6 Pts The conclusion is logical, flows from the body of the paper and reviews the major points. Does not a flat announcement. 6 Pts Page 1 of 2 Points Earned Overall Comments CJA 315 Week 1 Individual Paper – Criminal Procedure Policy = 60 Points READABILITY, IDEAS, ORGANIZATION, STRUCTURE, HEADINGS 15% = 9 Pts Points Points Possible Earned 9 Pts Appropriate writing strategy and style for this assignment and academic tenure. 2 Pts Body is effective, Paragraph transitions are present and logical, maintains the flow of thought throughout the paper. 2 Pts Headings –Required and appropriate headings used, aid in the readability of the paper 2 Pts Sentences are complete, clear, are well-constructed and concise. Demonstrated understanding of the subject at appropriate depth. Real world experiences- Provided WRITING MECHANICS AND APA GUIDELINES 15% = 9 Pts 2 Pts 1 Pts Points Points Possible Earned 9 Pts The paper, including the title page, reference page, and all appropriate headings, follow All APA guidelines for format. 2 Pts All writings mechanics such as Double Spaced, Font Size, Margins, Indenting, page numbers, etc. follow APA formatting Guidelines 2 Pts Citations of original works within the body of the paper (citations) and the required listed sources including the course text (References) follows APA formatting guidelines. 2 Pts Rules of grammar, spelling, word usage, Abbreviations, Acronyms, Capitalization and punctuation are followed 2 Pts Colloquial expressions, Slang, Jargon, Contractions and Rhetorical Questions not used 1 Pts Page 2 of 2 Overall Comments Overall Comments An APA running head is not needed for undergraduate or master’s courses per the University Writing and Style Guidelines. If you are a student in a doctoral program, or otherwise require a running head in your paper, consult the doctoral APA Sample Paper in the CWE > Doctoral Writing Resources. 1 Pagination: Use the header feature in Microsoft® Word to set the page number (see Appendix A). Writing Style and Mechanics Student Name University of Phoenix Course/Number Date Instructor Name The title: Use upper- and lower-case letters, centered between the left and right margins, and positioned on the upper half of the page. Use black recommended fonts: 11-point Calibri, 11-point Arial, 10-point Lucida Sans Unicode, 12-point Times New Roman, 11-point Georgia, or 10-point Computer Modern black, 12-point Times New Roman. All lines are double-spaced throughout the entire document. Use black recommended fonts: 11-point Calibri, 11point Arial, 10-point Lucida Sans Unicode, 12-point Times New Roman, 11-point Georgia, or 10-point Computer Modern black, 12-point Times New Roman. This APA Sample Paper is intended for undergraduate and master’s level students. The University of Phoenix APA sample papers represent the consensus of key academic officials within the University. This particular sample reflects expectations outlined in the University of Phoenix Writing and Style Guidelines for undergraduate and master’s courses, which correspond with the University’s preferred style guide for most programs: The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition. If your course materials direct you to follow MLA style, please see the MLA resources in the Center for Writing Excellence (CWE) > MLA Information. This sample paper is offered as a concise tool to help students with style, but it is not a definitive or binding representation of format for all courses. The CWE provides many tools to help students write and format effective papers; however, the faculty member determines the assignment grade in the course. Abstract: Typically, an abstract is required only for publication. If your assignment instructions indicate a requirement to use an abstract, a sample can be found in the CWE. Use the paper title above your introduction, centered and bolded. 2 Writing Style and Mechanics Indent the first line of each paragraph using the tab key, set at five to seven spaces or one-half inch. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) began as a journal article in 1929. Today, the Publication Manual is in its seventh edition and the APA style described in it is a widely recognized standard for scholarly or professional writing in the social sciences. Although the style guide is designed to prepare manuscripts for publication, many universities and health care journals have adopted its use as a guide to achieve uniformity and Use one space after a period at the end of a sentence. Personal communication citation: No need to include on the reference page. consistency (Cuddy, 2002). Writing in the style prescribed by the Publication Manual can be a daunting experience for students. As with any new skill, “practice makes perfect” (S. Proofreader, personal communication, June 28, 2004). Points of APA style most often used by undergraduate and graduate students are listed below. However, keep in mind that this sample paper is a guide and should not be considered as a replacement for the Publication Manual. Format Considerations Some commonly used rules and formats from the seventh edition of the Publication Level one heading: Centered, bolded, upper- and lower-case letters. Writers should ensure that a line is not tab indented when centering a heading so as not to appear off center. Manual are listed below. Please note, however, that some assignments may require unique Level two heading: Left margin, bolded, upper- and lower- case formatting, and you should consult your syllabus for clarification. Correct Margins Margins are one inch on all sides. This rule is broken only to avoid placing a lone heading on the last line of the page or a single line of text on the top of the next page. Page Header The page header contains the page number aligned with the right margin. The automatic header function in Microsoft® Word should be used to place the page numbers consecutively in the paper (see Appendix A). Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, and so on) are used to number each page, beginning with 1 on the title page. Copyright 2020 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Margins should be one inch on all sides of the document. 3 Document Headings Paragraph headings should be used in long documents to organize the essay, to break it up into readable portions, and to make it easy for readers to locate information. Using headings in a short document before every paragraph can make the writing appear choppy, and the paper may not flow smoothly from point to point. Use paragraph headings if your document is longer than three or four pages or if the assignment instructions require paragraph headings. Reference Page Hanging indentation is used for the reference page. The proper format can be set in Microsoft® Word (see Appendix B). Creating the hanging indentation by using the tab key or space bar will not protect the formatting if changes are made to the reference page later. The reference page is alphabetized by author or by title of the work when no author is listed, and each entry contains the date of publication in parentheses directly after the author’s name. The title, the name of the publisher follows the date of publication for a book entry. The proliferation of electronic materials has prompted APA to create formats designed specifically for Internet and web-based written material. Visit the APA website for additional information about formatting electronic references. You will also find frequently asked questions and helpful free tutorials about using APA style. Only references that have been cited in the paper are listed on the reference page. Personal communications are cited in the text but do not appear on the reference page because the reader cannot retrieve them. Additional reference examples are available in the Reference and Citation Examples in the Center for Writing Excellence (CWE). Level three heading: Left margin, bolded italic, upperand lowercase. Text begins as a new paragraph. In-Text Citations Level three heading usually only necessary in longer papers, most commonly in master’s and doctoral papers. Direct Quotations Copyright 2020 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. 4 Direct quotations must mirror the original source word for word, even if errors are contained in the original text. To alert the reader that errors are part of the original material, the word [sic], enclosed in brackets and italicized, must follow the erroneous material. The source of the quotation must be cited. The format of direct quotations may vary with the placement of the quoted material in the sentence. The following is an example of how you may use a direct quotation from a website with an author: “Diversity is emerging as one of the most serious issues in the workplace today, yet most employers are not prepared to deal with it” (Copeland, 2003, Erroneous Assumptions, para. 1). The author’s last name, the year of publication, the website title or section title, and the paragraph number, when no page number is available, are included in the citation. The following is an example of how one may use a direct quotation from a book with one author: Venes (2001) stated, “The types of influenza doctors must prepare for fall into three Citation with a page number: One space between the p. and the number. categories” (p. 106). If the author’s name is stated prior to the quotation, include the date of publication (in parentheses) after the author’s name, and follow the quotation with the page or paragraph number. For a work with three or more authors, include the name of only the first author and the abbreviation “et al.” in every in-text citation, including the first time a citation appears. Refer to the Reference and Citation Examples resources in the CWE for more examples of in-text citations. Quotations that contain fewer than 40 words are enclosed in double quotation marks within the text. Use single quotation marks for quotations contained within a direct quotation. Quotations of 40 words or more are indented in a block format without quotation marks. Use double quotation marks to indicate a quotation within the block quotation. The block quotation is Copyright 2020 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. 5 started on a new line, and it is indented five to seven spaces or one-half inch. A sample block quotation appears on page 7 of this document. Paraphrased or summarized material Paraphrasing or summarizing allows the writer to present someone else’s ideas or intellectual property and to supply proper credit to the original author or authors (Lawton, et al., 2001). When an author is paraphrased or summarized, the source must be cited in the text. If a source is mentioned more than once in a paragraph, a citation must be included each time. Page or paragraph numbers are not required for paraphrased material, but the Publication Manual recommends that writers include a page or paragraph number to help the reader easily locate the information (APA, 2020, p. 269). If a writer were to paraphrase information from an article located in an online database, the writer would format the citation as follows: Daniels (2004) included Darden Restaurants on her list of the 50 best companies for minorities. Here is an example where the author is not mentioned within the text: A list of companies has been singled out as best for minority employees (Daniels, 2004). Both examples include the author’s last name and the date of publication. If the author’s name is not provided with the paraphrased text, it must be included in the citation. Refer to the Reference and Citation resources in the CWE at for examples of citing paraphrased material. Deciding to summarize, to paraphrase, or to provide a direct quotation is an important question one must consider when using sources in an academic paper. Summarizing and paraphrasing both consist of sharing a source author’s ideas by phrasing them in one’s own words. A writer should summarize or paraphrase source material when it is important to capture the basic idea but when the author’s exact words are not essential to the paper. Conversely, a writer should quote directly when the source verbiage is crucial and stating it any other way Copyright 2020 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. For works with three or more authors, include the name of the first author and the abbreviation “et al.” 6 would cause it to lose its meaning. Usually writers will quote authors who are experts in their field and whose ideas support their own. However, excessive use of direct quotations should be avoided. Writers are encouraged to paraphrase when doing so will not change the meaning or the impact of a source (Ede, 2011). Plagiarism Plagiarism constitutes a serious academic concern. According to Lawton et al. (2001), Electronic source and quotation: If the electronic source does not have page numbers, use the abbreviation para. for the paragraph number. “Academic communities demand that writers credit others for their work and that the source of their material clearly be acknowledged” (para. 6). Internet access has resulted in an increase in plagiarism. McCabe noted (as cited in Sterngold, 2004), 41% of students said they engaged in cut-and-paste plagiarism from online sources. The sentences and phrases used in one’s paper must be original or cited and referenced accordingly. Although it may be easier for a writer to use someone else’s words, doing so discredits the writer. When in doubt, cite. See the plagiarism resources in the CWE for more information about avoiding plagiarism and about properly citing intellectual property. Other Format Issues The recommended typeface for APA style is one accessible to all users. Fonts such as black, 11-point Calibri, 11-point Arial, 10-point Lucida Sans Unicode, 12-point Times New Roman, 11-point Georgia, or 10-point Computer Modern black, 12-point Times New Roman are acceptable. Avoid using any software settings that reduce spacing between words or letters or that add spacing between paragraphs. Use double-spacing throughout the document. Use one space after sentence-ending punctuation in the body of your essay. Although the Publication Manual (2010) requires an abstract to precede the text, an abstract is not used in most student papers. Some assignments may require an abstract if students Copyright 2020 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Secondary Sources: Also called an indirect source. List only primary source in reference list and cite secondary source author only within the text. Secondary sources are not ideal in academic writing and should be avoided. 7 are submitting lengthy papers or project proposals. In those cases, the direction to submit an abstract will be in the assignment guidelines. A sample abstract can be found in the CWE. Writing Mechanics Correct grammar, punctuation, spelling, and sentence structure—in addition to formatting—are essential components of scholarly writing. Strunk (1918/1999) emphasized the Block quotation (40 or more words): Indent to the tab margin and do not include quotation marks. The in-text citation occurs outsidesuccinct: of the punctuation that ends the sentence. importance of being Vigorous writing is concise. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts. This requires not that the writer make all his sentences short, or that he avoid all detail and treat his subjects only in outline, but that every word tell. (para. 1) Grammar In addition to the provision of a standardized format for scientific writing, the Publication Manual (2010) emphasizes the importance of proper grammar. Important basic grammar principles are listed below. For further information, refer to the grammar resources in the CWE. Subject and Verb Agreement A singular noun requires a singular verb and a plural noun requires a plural verb (APA, 2010). Words that intervene between the noun and the verb do not change this basic rule. Noun and Pronoun Agreement APA recommends the use of “they” as a generic third-person pronoun to ensure that the writing is inclusive and bias-free. For example, the sentence “A student applying for a job must carefully proofread his/her application” may be reworded to read, “A student applying for jobs Copyright 2020 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. 8 must carefully proofread their application.” Use of the singular “they” helps writers reduce bias, avoid stereotypes, and refrain from making assumptions about gender. Passive Voice Passive voice obscures the actor in this sentence: “The house was painted,” because it omits who applied the paint. In contrast, the same sentence written in active voice would be something such as this: “Our company painted the house.” The passive voice, which is a form of “be” (is, was, were, will be, have been, etc.) and a participle (painted, etc.), is useful when the actor’s identity is not important to the sentence or context. Overuse of the passive voice causes the document to read similarly to an instructional manual, dry and monotonous. According to Sigel (2009), it weakens the essay’s argument and prevents clear and concise writing. Occasional use of the passive voice is acceptable, but documents written primarily in the active voice are more enjoyable and more persuasive to read (Sigel, 2009). Punctuation Correct punctuation establishes the rhythm and readability of sentences. Use only one space after commas, colons, and semicolons. Use one space after a period at the end of a sentence. When a hyphen or a dash is used, no space appears before or after the hyphen or dash (APA, 2010). In academic writing, use a comma to separate all words in a series of three or more, as in the following example: Tasks included reading, writing, and analyzing the information in the text. Correct use of commas and semicolons can be challenging for students. Writers should consider using a proofreading tool to aid in checking proper comma use. Please check the CWE for a list of pr …
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