Evaluate the effectiveness of each approach in lowering crime rates.

m working on a political science multi-part question and need a sample draft to help me learn.


Get Your Custom Essay Written From Scratch
We have worked on a similar problem. If you need help click order now button and submit your assignment instructions.
Just from $9/Page
Order Now

Assignment Content

  1. Imagine your supervisor has been asked to speak at a national convention on the future of criminology. Your supervisor has asked you to help gather information on alternative perspectives in criminology. You have been asked to research the following:
    • Critical criminology
    • Restorative justice
    • Peacemaking criminology
    • One additional perspective of your choice

    Write a 1,050-word report in which you:

    • Define each of the four perspectives.
    • Provide examples of each of the four perspectives with support from an article or website.
    • Evaluate the effectiveness of each approach in lowering crime rates.
    • Explain whether you support or are against each perspective and why.
    • Provide a recommendation on how to incorporate two of the perspectives.

    Incorporate at least two peer-reviewed articles.
    Format your assignment according to APA guidelines.

  • Evaluate the effectiveness of ea
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of each approach in lowering crime rates.
  • ch approach in lowering crime rates.


American justice system needs reform: Punitive justice too harsh, restorative justice allows for reconciliation, reform Publication info: University Wire ; Carlsbad [Carlsbad]27 Feb 2020. ProQuest document link FULL TEXT Publication: The Hillsdale Collegian, , Hillsdale College , Hillsdale, MI The American justice system should switch to a restorative system, rather than a punitive one. I Pixabay Schools around the country are taking a new approach to dis­ci­pline, and it seems to be working. For decades, teachers and admin­is­trators responded to bad behavior with punitive justice. Fighting, bul­lying, and other mis­conduct would result in deten­tions, sus­pen­sions, or even expul­sions.. Now, schools are using a new method called “restorative justice.” Instead of earning pun­ish­ments, stu­dents must solve the problems caused by their actions. This type of justice strikes at the heart of social problems in schools rather than dealing with them on a surface-level. These new methods have proven effective in improving student behavior. Our criminal justice system can learn a lot from these inno­va­tions. Up to now, it has almost exclu­sively used punitive justice. Effec­tively, our legal framework works to put people in prison rather than reduce crime and reha­bil­itate cit­izens. Instead, it should incor­porate restorative models to better address crime. Last year, Pres­ident Donald Trump signed a bipar­tisan bill, the First Step Act, which eased the stan­dards by which prisons evaluate con­victed crim­inals. As a result, more than 3,000 Amer­icans were released and offi­cials redi­rected $75 million to pro­grams focused on reha­bil­i­tating inmates. This is a small but important step in the right direction. Punitive justice works to reduce crime by cal­cu­lating costs and ben­efits. Its pro­po­nents, who shape the way Amer­icans view justice, claim the best way to reduce criminal activity is through long sen­tences and large fines. It ignores the needs of victims and promises a one-size-fits-all solution. Its side effects include mil­lions of cit­izens facing harsher-than-nec­essary sen­tences. Restorative justice, the alter­native, is a multi-faceted approach to the problem of crime. Instead of the dog­matic pursuit of punitive action, it empha­sizes pre­ven­tative, anti-poverty mea­sures, com­munity edu­cation, victim com­pen­sation, and reha­bil­i­tation of offenders. Crime is often a response to social sit­u­a­tions outside of an individual’s control. In “Pol­itics,” Aris­totle observed, “Poverty is the parent of rev­o­lution and crime.” Restorative advo­cates think he was right. The restorative approach under­stands crime in a social context that punitive systems do not. Annually, states and the federal gov­ernment spend $81 billion on the prison and jail systems alone. A restorative approach would spend most of this money on pre­ven­tative mea­sures such as edu­cation, reha­bil­i­tation pro­grams for newly-con­victed indi­viduals, and direct repa­ra­tions for victims. Punitive justice hurts victims as much if not more than crim­inals. At least two-thirds of victims report they’re unsat­isfied with prison sen­tences; a restorative framework addresses their needs through imme­diate service or financial help. Imagine someone breaks into your store­front, destroying property and stealing expensive items. Under the current system, those items will be returned to you if they can be found. Though the property wreckage may be par­tially PDF GENERATED BY PROQUEST.COM Page 1 of 3 addressed by insurance, the emo­tional trauma doesn’t just go away. A restorative response would place the respon­si­bility on the criminal to rectify this. A convict would pay some sort of criminal alimony to com­pensate the victim while enrolling in aggressive pro­bation and reha­bil­i­tation. Social workers would check in with con­victs mul­tiple times per week, working with them to rebuild a pro­ductive life. An offender can also par­tic­ipate in the direct repair of the victim’s property. The per­pe­trator could work with a con­struction team, super­vised by a security guard, to fix damaged property. This is the most common-sense answer, and one often applied to children. Psy­cho­logical studies have found that school children involved in direct repar­ative activ­ities, like cleaning up their own messes, under­stand the costs of their actions better than children who receive a pun­ishment unre­lated to their action, like timeouts or detention. These children are also less likely to commit further offenses. The prison system’s greatest flaw, however, is its social­izing effect on crim­inals. By restricting first-time offenders of minor, non-violent crimes to a social life com­prised almost entirely of other offenders, the current system breeds recidivism and criminal net­works. Instead, a restorative process empha­sizes recon­nection with the local public. Com­munity service projects and direct reha­bil­i­tation sur­round potential recidi­vists with friends and family who are directly inter­ested in their reha­bil­i­tation. Social workers help dignify offenders by finding them a full-time job through mutual coop­er­ation. Imple­menting a restorative system would have a lasting impact on America’s diverse com­mu­nities. The cat­e­gorical prison-solves-every­thing mindset dis­re­gards other solu­tions that can offer real justice for all. Cal Abbo is a junior studying psy­chology and a columnist on Demo­c­ratic pol­itics. He is the fea­tures editor for The Col­legian. DETAILS Subject: Rehabilitation of criminals; Crime; Prisons; Schools; Social workers; Criminals; Restorative justice People: Trump, Donald J Company / organization: Name: Hillsdale College; NAICS: 611310 Publication title: University Wire; Carlsbad Publication year: 2020 Publication date: Feb 27, 2020 Section: homepage – opinion Publisher: Uloop, Inc. Place of publication: Carlsbad Country of publication: United States, Carlsbad Publication subject: General Interest Periodicals–United States PDF GENERATED BY PROQUEST.COM Page 2 of 3 Source type: Wire Feeds Language of publication: English Document type: News ProQuest document ID: 2365214111 Document URL: https://www.proquest.com/wire-feeds/american-justice-system-needs-reformpunitive-too/docview/2365214111/se-2?accountid=35812 Copyright: © 2020 UWIRE, a division of Uloop Last updated: 2020-02-27 Database: ProQuest Central Database copyright  2021 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. Terms and Conditions Contact ProQuest PDF GENERATED BY PROQUEST.COM Page 3 of 3 …
Purchase answer to see full attachment
Student has agreed that all tutoring, explanations, and answers provided by the tutor will be used to help in the learning process and in accordance with Studypool’s honor code & terms of service.
Do you need a similar assignment done for you from scratch? We have qualified writers to help you
Use our paper writing service to score better and meet your deadlines.
Order Now