BIO121L The Greenhouse Effect Final Report Student Name EBENEZER AMPONSAH Student ID 164227 Lesson The Greenhouse Effect Institution CSU-Global Session BIO121L – Figiel – Spring 2021 Section 2 Course BIO121L Instructor Chester Figiel Test Your Knowledge 1. Match each term with the best description. Heat energy emitted from Earth’s surface Molecule that interacts with infrared photons in the atmosphere Light energy emitted from the sun 1 Greenhouse effect 2 Greenhouse gas 3 Solar radiation 4 Climate 5 Weather 6 Infrared radiation Description of the average atmospheric conditions of an area for several decades Description of short-term changes in atmospheric temperature, humidity, precipitation, and wind speed The process of the atmosphere trapping heat and warming the Earth Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 2. Order the greenhouse gases from most abundant in Earth’s atmosphere to least abundant.

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Important! Read First

Choose one of the following two assignments to complete this week. Do not do both assignments. Identify your assignment choice in the title of your submission.

OPTION #1: GREENHOUSE EFFECT PAPER

In this laboratory exercise, we will learn about the greenhouse effect and climate change through conducting a greenhouse effect simulation activity provided on the Hands-On Labs course website. Complete all parts of the worksheet provided; however, it will not be necessary to submit your original worksheet for this assignment.

In a Word document, discuss all parts of this lab activity. Your essay should include the answers to all the worksheet questions. Do not include the original questions. Your answers should be presented in flowing paragraph form. Be sure to include all data tables and graphs from this activity in your paper

Requirements:

If you need assistance with your writing style, start with the links under the Research Help and Writing Help tabs on the CSU Global Library’s (Links to an external site.) homepage.

 

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BIO121L The Greenhouse Effect Final Report Student Name EBENEZER AMPONSAH Student ID 164227 Lesson The Greenhouse Effect Institution CSU-Global Session BIO121L – Figiel – Spring 2021 Section 2 Course BIO121L Instructor Chester Figiel Test Your Knowledge 1. Match each term with the best description. Heat energy emitted from Earth’s surface Molecule that interacts with infrared photons in the atmosphere Light energy emitted from the sun 1 Greenhouse effect 2 Greenhouse gas 3 Solar radiation 4 Climate 5 Weather 6 Infrared radiation Description of the average atmospheric conditions of an area for several decades Description of short-term changes in atmospheric temperature, humidity, precipitation, and wind speed The process of the atmosphere trapping heat and warming the Earth Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 2. Order the greenhouse gases from most abundant in Earth’s atmosphere to least abundant. Water vapor Carbon dioxide Methane Nitrous oxide Exploration 1. Most _____ radiation interacts with Earth’s atmosphere and is either trapped there or reflected back towards Earth’s surface. longwave shortwave solar None of the above 2. _____ is considered a greenhouse gas because it interacts with infrared radiation. Carbon dioxide Methane Water vapor All of the above 3. _____ is the most abundant greenhouse gas in Earth’s atmosphere. Water vapor Carbon dioxide Methane None of the above Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 4. Human activities contribute to the concentration of _____ in the atmosphere. carbon dioxide methane nitrous oxide All of the above 5. Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide concentrations in Earth’s atmosphere have increased exponentially since 1750. True False Exercise 1 1. How do atmospheric gases create the greenhouse effect? During the day, the Sun shines through the atmosphere. Earth’s surface warms up in the sunlight. At night, Earth’s surface cools, releasing heat back into the air. But some of the heat is trapped by the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. That’s what keeps our Earth a warm and cozy 58 degrees Fahrenheit (14 degrees Celsius), on average. 2. How does the abundance, source, and action of water vapor differ from other greenhouse gases. Water vapor will generally stay in the atmosphere for days (before precipitating out) while other greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide or methane, will stay in the atmosphere for a much longer period of time (ranging from years to centuries) thus contributing to warming for an extended period of time. 3. How do the results from the simulation support the relationship between human-emitted greenhouse gases and current climate change? Reference Data Tables 1 and 2 in your answer. Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 4. What were the effects of adding clouds to the simulation runs? Reference Data Table 1 and Panel 2 in your answer. Adding clouds cools the atmosphere 5. How might the environment be impacted if the Earth warmed to the temperatures recorded for maximum greenhouse gas concentrations in Data Table 1? The environment will be too warm for human to live in 6. Based on your knowledge of the human-caused sources of greenhouse gases, what can do you as an individual to reduce emissions of these compounds? By going green Data Table 1: Simulation Temperature Response to Gas Concentrations Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com Clouds No greenhouse gases (°C) No no Yes yes Clouds 1750 concentrations (°C) No no Yes yes Clouds Today concentrations (°C) No no Yes yes Clouds Maximum concentrations (°C) No -14 Yes -14 Data Table 2: Greenhouse Gas Composition Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com Date H2O (% humidity) 1750 70% Today 70 Date CO2 (ppm) 1750 280ppm Today 280ppm Date CH4 (ppm) 1750 0.730ppm Today 0.730ppm Date N2O (ppm) 1750 0.720ppm Today 0.720ppm Panel 1: Observations with No Clouds Freezing temperatures are observed with no clouds Panel 2: Oberservations with Clouds Temperature rises with clouds present Competency Review Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 1. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap _____ radiation and warm the Earth. infrared solar shortwave All of the above 2. Carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor are composed of two types of atoms connected in asymmetric arrangements. True False 3. _____ can act as both a greenhouse gas and a cooling agent in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide Nitrous oxide Water vapor All of the above 4. _____ contributes 9-26% of the greenhouse effect and remains in the atmosphere for over 30 years. Carbon dioxide Methane Nitrous oxide None of the above 5. Earth’s current climate change event is most closely associated to changes in _____. Earth’s orbit greenhouse gas levels solar irradiance All of the above Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 6. Climate change can be observed as _____. accelerated retreat of glaciers arctic ice cap shrinkage water vapor All of the above 7. When utilizing a greenhouse effect simulation, sunlight photons increase in number as greenhouse gas concentrations increase. True False 8. When utilizing a greenhouse effect simulation, clouds interact with both sunlight and infrared photons. True False 9. Global average temperatures are predicted to increase by another _____ °C at maximum humanemitted greenhouse gas concentrations. 1 2 4 None of the above Extension Questions Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 1. The warming effects of greenhouse gases have been unsuccessfully modeled by placing air, pure carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide in sealed jars and measuring temperature change within the jars when exposed to a light source. Apply your knowledge of greenhouse gases to explain why this approach is inappropriate for modeling how greenhouse gases retain heat in Earth’s atmosphere. The main cause for the inappropriate approach is the size of the jar, the size of a jar is very less, so there the amount of infrared radiation is very weak to get absorbed by the greenhouse gases like CO2, CH4 etc. As the absorption is less the heating will also be less. The second thing is that it is a closed system, but our earth is not a closed system. By the presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere make that behave like a closed system for which the lower atmosphere gets heated up. So if the temperature of the bottle will increase then it will increase only because of the hot air can’t come outside because it is sealed. That’s why this method within a bottle is different from the process what really works on the earth’s atmosphere. Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com BIO121L The Greenhouse Effect Final Report Student Name EBENEZER AMPONSAH Student ID 164227 Lesson The Greenhouse Effect Institution CSU-Global Session BIO121L – Figiel – Spring 2021 Section 2 Course BIO121L Instructor Chester Figiel Test Your Knowledge 1. Match each term with the best description. Heat energy emitted from Earth’s surface Molecule that interacts with infrared photons in the atmosphere Light energy emitted from the sun 1 Greenhouse effect 2 Greenhouse gas 3 Solar radiation 4 Climate 5 Weather 6 Infrared radiation Description of the average atmospheric conditions of an area for several decades Description of short-term changes in atmospheric temperature, humidity, precipitation, and wind speed The process of the atmosphere trapping heat and warming the Earth Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 2. Order the greenhouse gases from most abundant in Earth’s atmosphere to least abundant. Water vapor Carbon dioxide Methane Nitrous oxide Exploration 1. Most _____ radiation interacts with Earth’s atmosphere and is either trapped there or reflected back towards Earth’s surface. longwave shortwave solar None of the above 2. _____ is considered a greenhouse gas because it interacts with infrared radiation. Carbon dioxide Methane Water vapor All of the above 3. _____ is the most abundant greenhouse gas in Earth’s atmosphere. Water vapor Carbon dioxide Methane None of the above Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 4. Human activities contribute to the concentration of _____ in the atmosphere. carbon dioxide methane nitrous oxide All of the above 5. Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide concentrations in Earth’s atmosphere have increased exponentially since 1750. True False Exercise 1 1. How do atmospheric gases create the greenhouse effect? During the day, the Sun shines through the atmosphere. Earth’s surface warms up in the sunlight. At night, Earth’s surface cools, releasing heat back into the air. But some of the heat is trapped by the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. That’s what keeps our Earth a warm and cozy 58 degrees Fahrenheit (14 degrees Celsius), on average. 2. How does the abundance, source, and action of water vapor differ from other greenhouse gases. Water vapor will generally stay in the atmosphere for days (before precipitating out) while other greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide or methane, will stay in the atmosphere for a much longer period of time (ranging from years to centuries) thus contributing to warming for an extended period of time. 3. How do the results from the simulation support the relationship between human-emitted greenhouse gases and current climate change? Reference Data Tables 1 and 2 in your answer. Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 4. What were the effects of adding clouds to the simulation runs? Reference Data Table 1 and Panel 2 in your answer. Adding clouds cools the atmosphere 5. How might the environment be impacted if the Earth warmed to the temperatures recorded for maximum greenhouse gas concentrations in Data Table 1? The environment will be too warm for human to live in 6. Based on your knowledge of the human-caused sources of greenhouse gases, what can do you as an individual to reduce emissions of these compounds? By going green Data Table 1: Simulation Temperature Response to Gas Concentrations Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com Clouds No greenhouse gases (°C) No no Yes yes Clouds 1750 concentrations (°C) No no Yes yes Clouds Today concentrations (°C) No no Yes yes Clouds Maximum concentrations (°C) No -14 Yes -14 Data Table 2: Greenhouse Gas Composition Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com Date H2O (% humidity) 1750 70% Today 70 Date CO2 (ppm) 1750 280ppm Today 280ppm Date CH4 (ppm) 1750 0.730ppm Today 0.730ppm Date N2O (ppm) 1750 0.720ppm Today 0.720ppm Panel 1: Observations with No Clouds Freezing temperatures are observed with no clouds Panel 2: Oberservations with Clouds Temperature rises with clouds present Competency Review Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 1. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap _____ radiation and warm the Earth. infrared solar shortwave All of the above 2. Carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor are composed of two types of atoms connected in asymmetric arrangements. True False 3. _____ can act as both a greenhouse gas and a cooling agent in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide Nitrous oxide Water vapor All of the above 4. _____ contributes 9-26% of the greenhouse effect and remains in the atmosphere for over 30 years. Carbon dioxide Methane Nitrous oxide None of the above 5. Earth’s current climate change event is most closely associated to changes in _____. Earth’s orbit greenhouse gas levels solar irradiance All of the above Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 6. Climate change can be observed as _____. accelerated retreat of glaciers arctic ice cap shrinkage water vapor All of the above 7. When utilizing a greenhouse effect simulation, sunlight photons increase in number as greenhouse gas concentrations increase. True False 8. When utilizing a greenhouse effect simulation, clouds interact with both sunlight and infrared photons. True False 9. Global average temperatures are predicted to increase by another _____ °C at maximum humanemitted greenhouse gas concentrations. 1 2 4 None of the above Extension Questions Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 1. The warming effects of greenhouse gases have been unsuccessfully modeled by placing air, pure carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide in sealed jars and measuring temperature change within the jars when exposed to a light source. Apply your knowledge of greenhouse gases to explain why this approach is inappropriate for modeling how greenhouse gases retain heat in Earth’s atmosphere. The main cause for the inappropriate approach is the size of the jar, the size of a jar is very less, so there the amount of infrared radiation is very weak to get absorbed by the greenhouse gases like CO2, CH4 etc. As the absorption is less the heating will also be less. The second thing is that it is a closed system, but our earth is not a closed system. By the presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere make that behave like a closed system for which the lower atmosphere gets heated up. So if the temperature of the bottle will increase then it will increase only because of the hot air can’t come outside because it is sealed. That’s why this method within a bottle is different from the process what really works on the earth’s atmosphere. Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com BIO121L The Greenhouse Effect Final Report Student Name EBENEZER AMPONSAH Student ID 164227 Lesson The Greenhouse Effect Institution CSU-Global Session BIO121L – Figiel – Spring 2021 Section 2 Course BIO121L Instructor Chester Figiel Test Your Knowledge 1. Match each term with the best description. Heat energy emitted from Earth’s surface Molecule that interacts with infrared photons in the atmosphere Light energy emitted from the sun 1 Greenhouse effect 2 Greenhouse gas 3 Solar radiation 4 Climate 5 Weather 6 Infrared radiation Description of the average atmospheric conditions of an area for several decades Description of short-term changes in atmospheric temperature, humidity, precipitation, and wind speed The process of the atmosphere trapping heat and warming the Earth Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 2. Order the greenhouse gases from most abundant in Earth’s atmosphere to least abundant. Water vapor Carbon dioxide Methane Nitrous oxide Exploration 1. Most _____ radiation interacts with Earth’s atmosphere and is either trapped there or reflected back towards Earth’s surface. longwave shortwave solar None of the above 2. _____ is considered a greenhouse gas because it interacts with infrared radiation. Carbon dioxide Methane Water vapor All of the above 3. _____ is the most abundant greenhouse gas in Earth’s atmosphere. Water vapor Carbon dioxide Methane None of the above Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 4. Human activities contribute to the concentration of _____ in the atmosphere. carbon dioxide methane nitrous oxide All of the above 5. Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide concentrations in Earth’s atmosphere have increased exponentially since 1750. True False Exercise 1 1. How do atmospheric gases create the greenhouse effect? During the day, the Sun shines through the atmosphere. Earth’s surface warms up in the sunlight. At night, Earth’s surface cools, releasing heat back into the air. But some of the heat is trapped by the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. That’s what keeps our Earth a warm and cozy 58 degrees Fahrenheit (14 degrees Celsius), on average. 2. How does the abundance, source, and action of water vapor differ from other greenhouse gases. Water vapor will generally stay in the atmosphere for days (before precipitating out) while other greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide or methane, will stay in the atmosphere for a much longer period of time (ranging from years to centuries) thus contributing to warming for an extended period of time. 3. How do the results from the simulation support the relationship between human-emitted greenhouse gases and current climate change? Reference Data Tables 1 and 2 in your answer. Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 4. What were the effects of adding clouds to the simulation runs? Reference Data Table 1 and Panel 2 in your answer. Adding clouds cools the atmosphere 5. How might the environment be impacted if the Earth warmed to the temperatures recorded for maximum greenhouse gas concentrations in Data Table 1? The environment will be too warm for human to live in 6. Based on your knowledge of the human-caused sources of greenhouse gases, what can do you as an individual to reduce emissions of these compounds? By going green Data Table 1: Simulation Temperature Response to Gas Concentrations Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com Clouds No greenhouse gases (°C) No no Yes yes Clouds 1750 concentrations (°C) No no Yes yes Clouds Today concentrations (°C) No no Yes yes Clouds Maximum concentrations (°C) No -14 Yes -14 Data Table 2: Greenhouse Gas Composition Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com Date H2O (% humidity) 1750 70% Today 70 Date CO2 (ppm) 1750 280ppm Today 280ppm Date CH4 (ppm) 1750 0.730ppm Today 0.730ppm Date N2O (ppm) 1750 0.720ppm Today 0.720ppm Panel 1: Observations with No Clouds Freezing temperatures are observed with no clouds Panel 2: Oberservations with Clouds Temperature rises with clouds present Competency Review Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 1. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap _____ radiation and warm the Earth. infrared solar shortwave All of the above 2. Carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor are composed of two types of atoms connected in asymmetric arrangements. True False 3. _____ can act as both a greenhouse gas and a cooling agent in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide Nitrous oxide Water vapor All of the above 4. _____ contributes 9-26% of the greenhouse effect and remains in the atmosphere for over 30 years. Carbon dioxide Methane Nitrous oxide None of the above 5. Earth’s current climate change event is most closely associated to changes in _____. Earth’s orbit greenhouse gas levels solar irradiance All of the above Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 6. Climate change can be observed as _____. accelerated retreat of glaciers arctic ice cap shrinkage water vapor All of the above 7. When utilizing a greenhouse effect simulation, sunlight photons increase in number as greenhouse gas concentrations increase. True False 8. When utilizing a greenhouse effect simulation, clouds interact with both sunlight and infrared photons. True False 9. Global average temperatures are predicted to increase by another _____ °C at maximum humanemitted greenhouse gas concentrations. 1 2 4 None of the above Extension Questions Copyright 2021 – Science Interactive | https://scienceinteractive.com 1. The warming effects of greenhouse gases have been unsuccessfully modeled by placing air, pure carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide in sealed jars and measuring temperature change within the jars when exposed to a light source. Apply your knowledge of greenhouse gases to explain why this approach is inappropriat …
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